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Types of sports shoes

2020-06-23 219

Running shoes

Much of the recent research in sports shoes has focused on the development and improvement of running shoes.Running shoes are grouped into three categories:

●Cushioned or “neutral”shoes are designed for runners with high arched,rigid feet.The midsole of a cushioned running shoe will generally have a single color of soft foam material,EVA,in the arch and heel.A moldable synthetic material,EVA has varying density properties to provide more or less cushion in the shoe.

●Stability shoes provide light to moderate stability for individuals with an arch that may collapse while running.Stability shoes have two or three different shades of gray polyurethane material in the arch,and possibly the heel,each with a different density to provide more support for the pronated foot type.The polyurethane material will make the shoe feel heavier than a shoe made only with EVA.

●Motion control shoes are designed for runners who are “severe pronators.”Motion control are the most stable running shoe,and are the shoe of choice for runners with flat feet,and those with a heavier body weight.A motion control shoe may have an extra stabilizer added to the inside edge of the heel counter to provide maximum control.The outer sole of the running shoe will be made of carbon rubber or blown rubber,which is made with injected air.

● Cross Trainers

A cross training shoe is designed to take you from sport to sport with one pair of shoes.This type of shoe is not appropriate for someone who plans on running more than four to five miles a day.A cross trainer is usually made of a combination of mesh materials and strips of leather in the fabric.If the shoe has a “running”tread on the sole,it  may be difficult to wear the shoe on a court for an exercise class or game.

● Walking shoe

Walking shoes provide stability through the arch,good shock absorption,and a smooth tread.Walking involves a heel-toe gait pattern,so you want to make sure that the shoe ,and particularly the counter,is stable.If you have arthritis or pain in the arch of your foot,you may benefit from a rocker sole that encourages a natural roll of the foot while walking.

● Court Shoe

Court shoes include those designed for basketball,tennis,and volleyball.Court shoes have a solid tread and typically are made of sofe leathers.They are designed to provide stability in all directions.They may have the traditional low upper cut below the ankle,or a high cut.The higher upper is commonly found on basketball shoes to offer increased stability to the ankle during jumping and landing.

● Cleats

Many sports,such as soccer,lacrosse,football and baseball,require the athlete to wear a cleat shoe.Shoes with cleats have multiple protrusions made of steel or hard plastic that provide additional traction on grass or soft turf.

● Hiking Shoes

A hiking shoe needs to provide stability as you walk across uneven surfaces,as well as comfort and cushion in the sole to absorb the shock from various impacts.Hiking shoes also should have a good tread on the sole to keep your foot firmly planted on the surfaces that you encounter.Most hiking shoes have a higher upper,providing added ankle stability.

● Other Sports Shoes

There are shoes designed for virtually every sport,including golf,ballet,skating,

hockey,cycling,and skiing.As always,a professional can help you to purchase the

shoe that is best for you and the sport you enjoy.